Loop statements in Kotlin

Kotlin, a versatile programming language, offers a range of features that make coding efficient and enjoyable. Among these features, Kotlin loops play a pivotal role in controlling the flow of your programs. Whether you’re a beginner or an experienced developer, understanding Kotlin loops is essential.

In this article, we’ll dive deep into the world of Kotlin loops, exploring their types, syntax, and best practices.

Types of Loops in Kotlin

  • for loop: Iterate over a range, collection, or any iterable.
  • while loop: Execute code while a condition is true.
  • do-while loop: Similar to while loop, but guarantees at least one execution.

for loop:

for (i in 1..5) {
    println("Iteration: $i")

while loop:

var count = 0
while (count < 5) {
    println("Count: $count")

do-while loop:

var x = 0
do {
    println("Value of x: $x")
} while (x < 3)

The for loop iterates through a range or collection, simplifying iteration tasks. Below Example of that.

val numbers = listOf(1, 2, 3, 4, 5)
for (num in numbers) {

The while loop repeats code as long as a specified condition is true. Below Example of that.

var i = 0
while (i < 5) {
    println("Value of i: $i")

The do-while loop ensures at least one iteration before checking the condition. Below Example of that.

var choice: String
do {
    println("Do you want to continue? (yes/no)")
    choice = readLine() ?: ""
} while (choice == "yes")

Loop Control Statements

break statement: Exit a loop prematurely.
continue statement: Skip the current iteration and proceed to the next.
Use cases and examples for better understanding.


for (i in 1..10) {
    if (i == 5) {


for (i in 1..5) {
    if (i == 3) {

Nested Loops:

Nested loops are used to iterate within another loop, often used for complex scenarios like matrix manipulation.

for (i in 1..3) {
    for (j in 1..3) {
        println("i: $i, j: $j")

Best Practices:

  • Choose the loop that best suits the task’s requirements.
  • Keep loop bodies concise and focused.
  • Minimize nesting for better readability and performance.

Common Mistakes to Avoid:

  • Creating infinite loops by not updating loop variables.
  • Off-by-one errors when specifying loop ranges.
  • Misusing loop control statements, affecting logic flow.

Real-world Examples:

  • Processing data in a CSV file line by line.
  • Rendering user interface elements dynamically.
  • Searching for specific elements in a collection.

By mastering Kotlin loops, you’ve gained a powerful toolset for handling repetitive tasks efficiently. With the ability to choose the right loop, avoid common pitfalls, and create clean code, you’re well-equipped to take on a variety of programming challenges.

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Loop statements in Kotlin

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